There are fewer than 200,000 cases of bone marrow cancer in the United States each year. The types of bone marrow cancer include lymphoma, leukemia, and multiple myeloma, which is the most common. These cancers vary in how aggressive they are and include both indolent, slow-growing cancers, as well as more aggressive cancers. Symptoms of bone marrow cancer include fatigue due to anemia (lack of red blood cells), dehydration, abdominal pain, and loss of appetite. Because bone marrow cancer can spread throughout the body, symptoms can vary for each patient.
Stem cell transplants, chemotherapy, and radiation are the most common treatment options for bone marrow cancers. If the cancer has spread, the patient may not be eligible for the stem cell transplant and treatment will aim to decrease symptoms for the patient but not cure the cancer. There are also new treatment options available for bone marrow cancer patients through clinical trials. There are numerous trials throughout the United States for bone marrow cancer, so you can use a tool to search for which trials are right for you. The Clinical Trial Matching System (CTMS) finds trials that fit your individual cancer case and are close to home to limit travel.