Thus, the foreign trade deficit increased by 153.5% between November 2019 – November 2020 and reached 5.03 billion USD. The ratio of exports to imports declined from 89.1% to 76.2% in the said period.
In November, the country to which we export the most was Germany, followed by England, Iraq and the USA. While exports to 27 countries that make up the European Union decreased by 1.4% to 6.66 billion USD, it is seen that the share of the EU in our total exports increased from 41.6% to 41.4%. In import items; Germany took the first place in November 2020, followed by China, Russia and Switzerland. In November, the share of capital and consumption goods in total imports increased, while the share of intermediate (raw materials) goods decreased. While the share of high-tech exports in our total exports was 3.3%, the share of imports of the same group in our total imports was 12%.
According to STS (Special trading system), Turkey's exports decreased by 0.9% in November 2020 compared to the same period of the previous year to USD 15.31 billion USD, while imports increased by 11.9% in the same period to USD 18.72 billion. The ratio of exports to imports was 77.1% in the said period.
January-November trade deficit increased by 82.5% to 45.3 billion USD. The coronavirus epidemic causes weak demand in key markets, and accordingly, exports show a weak trend. As the strong gold demand increased imports, the foreign trade deficit widened. In November, 2.66 billion USD of 21.1 billion USD of total imports came from gold imports, this item increased by 59% last year. The need for protection during the pandemic period also stems from the investment preferences created with the inflation protection motive in the framework of the weakness in the local currency in the 3Q20 period. During this period, the tendency to keep savings in foreign currency and gold increased. The effect of new domestic economic policies will slow down gold imports.
Although the restriction in domestic demand has the potential to dampen import growth, the outlook for external demand will be fragile due to the Covid-19 outbreak and weak trends in global trade, which will limit the recovery in exports. After the epidemic effects felt in the first quarter, we will monitor the impact of the normalization process of the global economy on the recovery of demand in global markets for exports.
Kaynak Tera Yatırım
Hibya Haber Ajansı